The Effects of Colored Pigments on the Translucency of Experimental Dental Resin Composites

Page Start
Page End
  • Dr. Gulelala Azhar
  • Dr. Karine Haas
  • Dr. Duncan J Wood
  • Richard van Noort
  • Dr. Keyvan Moharamzadeh


Objective: Colored pigments are incorporated into dental resin composites to produce clinically acceptable shades for restorative materials but studies on their effects on translucency are rare. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the addition of different colored pigments on the translucency of experimental dental resin composites. Materials and Methods: 12 types of experimental dental resin composites containing different concentrations of red and yellow iron oxide pigments were formulated and light-cured. Total and diffuse translucency as well as CIE L*a*b* values were measured and the color differences were calculated. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in the translucency values between the composites with no pigments and the composites with increasing concentrations of the pigments (p<0.05). The translucency decreased as the concentration of the pigments increased. However at pigment concentrations greater than 0.02%, the translucency of the composites reached a plateau and ceased to be influenced by the addition of the pigments (p>0.05). All color differences were in the range of 3.62–16.00 ΔE*ab unit. Conclusions: The pigments used in this study can influence the translucency of the experimental resin composites and should be considered as an important factor by clinicians to achieve optimal esthetic restorative outcome.

Dental Material
Composite Resin