Assessment of Biomechanical Behavior of Endodontically Treated Premolar Teeth Restored with Novel Endocrown System

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  • Ahmed Shams
  • Amal A. Sakrana
  • Shaimaa A. Abo El-Farag
  • Mutlu Özcan


Objective: Despite the increased popularity of endocrowns, there is no clear consensus considering their effectiveness to restore severely-destructed endodontically treated premolars. This study aimed to assess the biomechanical behavior of endodontically treated maxillary first premolars restored with a novel endocrown system compared to the conventional one. Materials and Methods: Twenty sound human maxillary first premolars were collected. After endodontic treatment, they were divided into 2 groups (n=10) according to the system used for endocrown fabrication. Group C (Control): conventional monolithic IPS e.max CAD endocrowns. Group P: novel bi-layered endocrowns (Pekkton ivory coping veneered with cemented IPS e.max CAD). All specimens were subjected to 10000 thermal cycles followed by 240000 dynamic load cycles. Surviving specimens were subjected to fracture resistance test followed by qualitative analysis using Stereomicroscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy. Results: A significantly higher load was observed for Group P (1831.37 ± 240.69 N) than Group C (1433.47 ± 174.39 N) (p < 0.001). A statistically significant difference was observed considering the failure mode (p = 0.036), with more favorable fractures detected with Group P. Conclusions: The tested novel endocrown system improved the biomechanical behavior of the tooth/restoration complex in the restored endodontically treated maxillary first premolars. Clinical Significance: The tested novel endocrown system with a PEKK coping veneered
with cemented IPS e.max CAD can be considered a promising option for restoration of severely-destructed endodontically treated premolar teeth. It can be considered as a conservative alternative option to the conventional treatment modalities.

Biomechanical Behavior
Endodontically Treated Teeth
IPS e.max CAD