Clinical Performance of Complete-Arch ImplantSupported Rehabilitations Using Monolithic Lithium Disilicate Restorations Bonded to CAD/CAM Titanium and Zirconia Frameworks up to 5 Years

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  • Giacomo Fabbri
  • Carlo Pulcini
  • Antonio Cerutti
  • Mutlu Özcan


This clinical study evaluated the survival of monolithic lithium disilicate (ML) (IPS Emax, Ivoclar Vivadent) restorations bonded to complete-arch CAD/CAM made titanium or zirconia frameworks. Between August 2007 and December 2009, 15 patients (7 female, 8 male; mean age: 56.8 years old) received 30 implant-supported screw-retained rehabilitations with ML restorations cemented to CAD/CAM made titanium (T) (n=6) or zirconia (Z) frameworks (n=24) adhesively (Multilink Automix, RelyX Unicem) and followed up until December 2015. The evaluation protocol involved technical failures (chipping, debonding or fracture of crown/framework, screw loosening), Californian Dental Association (CDA) quality criteria (Romeo: Excellent; Sierra: Acceptable; Tango: Retrievable; Victor: Not acceptable) and biological failures (mucositis, peri-implantitis). Mean observation time was 60.3 months. No implants were lost, and all the prostheses were
in situ. Four mechanical failures occurred in the form of minor chipping (n=3 in ML-Z, n=1 in ML-T) and major fracture in ML crown (n=1 in ML-Z). Romeo scores (N=370) decreased until final observation (N=347) and 23 Sierra scores were given to the restorations. Mucositis was observed in 3 patients and peri-implantitis in one patient. Complete-arch implant-borne FDPs made of monolithic lithium disilicate bonded to titanium or zirconia frameworks could be a promising alternative.

Computer-Assisted Design/
Computer-Assisted Manufacturing
Monolithic Restorations
Biomechanical Complications
Complete-Arch Fixed Dental