Comparison of Dentin Caries Remineralization with Four Bioactive Cements

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  • Sara Valizadeh
  • Sedighe Sadat Hashemi Kamangar
  • Mohammad Hossein Nekoofar
  • Marjan Behroozibakhsh
  • Zahra Shahidi


The treatment of deep carious lesions involves the use of ion-releasing agents to seal the lesions. These agents release minerals, leading to the remineralization of the remaining demineralized dentin. This study aimed to compare the dentin caries remineralization with bioactive cements. 60 Dentin blocks were prepared from the dentin of human third molars. Artificial carious lesions were induced on the blocks with pH cycling. The samples were divided into five groups (n=12). Dycal, Oxford ActiveCal PC, Biodentine, and ACTIVA BioACTIVE were applied using a mold. One group did not receive any cement. The samples were stored in remineralization solution for 30 days. The cement was removed using a #15 blade, and the dentin surface was evaluated using Energydispersive X-ray Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction. One-way ANOVA did not show a significant difference in the weight percentages of calcium and phosphorus and the
calcium-to-phosphorus ratios between the groups. The highest and the lowest weight percentages of calcium and phosphorus were observed in Biodentine and control groups, respectively. There were no significant differences in the remineralization properties of bioactive cements. Hydroxyapatite crystals were not formed in any of the adjacent dentin using these cements.
Tooth Demineralization
Tooth Remineralization
Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy
X-Ray Diffraction