Immediate and Late Repair of Microhybrid Resin Composites: Effect of Silane Coupling Agent, Universal Adhesives and Photo Polymerization

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  • Muhittin Ugurlu
  • Nadin Al-Haj Husain
  • Mutlu Özcan


This study investigated the effect of silane coupling agent and universal adhesive application on repair bond strength of resin-based composite after bur grinding. Microhybrid resin composite (Charisma Smart) blocks (N=80; 8x8x4 mm3) were prepared, aged (37°C; 1 month), roughened, etched and randomly divided into two groups. Silane was applied to half of the groups (Porcelain Primer, Bisco), before one of the following universal primers/adhesives was applied: a) Scotchbond Universal (3M), b) All-Bond Universal (Bisco), c) G-Premio Bond (GC), and d) Clearfil SE Bond (Kuraray). In each adhesive group half of the group was photo-polymerized. The blocks were repaired with the same size resin composite and segmented into beams. Half of the beams were subjected to micro-tensile bond test (1 mm/min), while the other half was aged (37°C; 6 months) prior to testing. Failure modes were analyzed using Scanning Electron
Microscopy (SEM). Data were analyzed using repeated measures of ANOVA, Tukey’s post-hoc, and paired t-tests (alpha=0.05). The silane application did not affect the repair bond strength regardless of photo-polymerization of the adhesive resin. The repair bond strength decreased significantly after 6 months when adhesive resin was not photopolymerized (p<0.05). Photo-polymerizing universal adhesives might ensure higher repair bond strength and its maintenance after aging.
Resin Composite
Silane Coupling Agents
Universal Adhesive