Evaluation of Clinical Periodontal Parameters of Abutment Teeth Supporting Distal-Extension Base Removable Partial Dentures: A Cross-sectional Study

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  • Ziad N. AL-Dwairi
  • Dafi S. Taani
  • Aleh Z. Naseeb
  • Nadin Al-Haj Husain
  • Mutlu Özcan
  • Edward Lynch


To assess the clinical periodontal status of abutment teeth in regards of different design components of distal-extension removable partial dentures. Subjects (N=100) with acrylic or cobalt-chromium distal-extension removable partial dentures were enrolled and their periodontal parameters plaque and gingival indices [PI, GI], probing depths [PD], clinical attachment loss [CAL] and a mobility index [MI] evaluated. Denture base type, major connector, occlusal rests position, design of direct retainers, retention, stability and denture wearing habits were further evaluated. Acrylic RPDs were associated with higher mean±SE PI [1.70±0.74], GI [1.76±0.55], PD scores [2.47±1.02 mm] and CAL values [4.46±2.11 mm] compared to CO-CR RPDs [p<0.05]. For abutments, the PI [1.6±0.83], GI [1.72±0.57], PD [2.32±1.03] and CAL [4.26±2.08] were higher than their non-abutments counterparts [p<0.05]. CAL scores were found to be significantly higher for mandibular abutments compared to maxillary ones [P=0.002]. The highest PI [1.83±1.10] and GI [2.00±0.00] scores were associated with lingual bars and horse-shoe connectors, respectively. Full palatal coverage and lingual plates were associated with the highest PD [2.80±0.48] and CAL [4.70±0.37] scores. Acrylic RPDs, type of major connector, wrought wire clasps and distal occlusal rests may be considered as risk factors for periodontal disease progression in distal-extension removable partial denture wearers.

Clinical Attachment Loss
Distal Extension
Abutment Tooth
Clinical study