Comparison of Different Digital Color Measurement Methods on Maxillary Anterior and Canine Teeth: A Clinical Observational Study

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  • Nadia Oberück
  • Peter Leußner
  • Sven Rinke
  • Tanja Kottmann
  • Rainer Haak
  • Dirk Ziebolz


Purpose. This clinical observational study aimed to determine the reproducibility of digital color measurement methods of different front teeth. Methods. Color determination was performed using two spectrophotometric systems (Easyshade Advance; ES and Shadepilot; SP) and digital photography using a camera with ring flash and gray card with subsequent evaluation using computer software (DP; Adobe Photoshop). In 50 patients, at two time points, a digital color determination was performed on maxillary central incisors (MCI) and maxillary canines (MC) by a calibrated examiner. Outcome parameters were: color difference ΔE based on CIE L*a*b* values and VITA color match given by spectrophotometers. Results. SP showed significantly lower median ΔE values
(<1.2) than ES (<3.5) and DP (<4.4), while no significant differences were found between ES and DP. For all methods, both ΔE values and VITA color showed lower reliability regarding MC compared with MCI. The ΔE examination of subareas revealed significant differences in MCI for all devices and in MC only for SP. When comparing VITA color stability, SP showed a significantly higher color match than ES (81% and 57%, respectively). Conclusions. Digital color determination methods tested in the current study provided reliable results. However, there are significant differences between the devices used and
the teeth examined.

Tooth Colour Measurement
Anterior Teeth
Clinical Trial