A Stereophotogrammetry Face Study Between Dentate and Edentulous Adults Rehabilitated with Either a Conventional Complete or an Implant-Supported Fixed Complete Denture

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  • Maria Giulia R. Pucciarelli
  • Guilherme Hideki L. Toyoshima
  • Chiarella Sforza
  • Thaís M. Oliveira
  • Simone Soares


Quantifying in edentulous patients the facial collapse and whether complete conventional denture (CCD) and implant-supported fixed complete denture (ISFCD) can restore the facial proportions to match those of a dentate patient (CG) is relevant for clinical dentists. One hundred and four participants were enrolled and divided into edentulous (n=56) and CG (n=48). The edentulous participants were rehabilitated with CCD (n=28) or ISFCD (n=28) in both arches. Anthropometric landmarks in the face were marked and captured by stereophotogrammetry. Linear, angular, and surface measurements were analyzed and compared among groups. The statistical analysis was performed by an independent t-test, the one-way ANOVA, and Tukey’s test. The significance level was
set at 0.05. The facial collapse was quantified as a significant shortening of the lower third of the face affecting facial aesthetics in all parameters evaluated and the same was observed in comparison among CCD, ISFCD, and CG. The CCD presented statistical differences with the CG group in the lower third of the face and labial surface, and the ISFCD showed no statistical differences with the CG and CCD. The facial collapse in edentulous patients could be restored through oral rehabilitation with an ISFCD similar to those of dentate patients.

Complete Denture
Implant-Supported Dental Prosthesis
Computerized Anthropometry