Co-Influence of Restoration Bonding and Inlay Cavity Design on Fracture Load of Restored Tooth

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  • Topias Yli-Urpo
  • lippo lassila
  • Pekka Vallittu
  • Timo Närhi


Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the co-influence of indirect mesio-occlusal-distal (MOD) cavity geometry and inlay restoration bonding on quasi-static fracture load of the restored tooth. Methods: Forty-eight intact human molar teeth were selected and prepared for standardized edge-shaped or round-shaped MOD cavities. The resin composite (Cerasmart, GC) inlays were bonded with the state-of-the-art inlay
bonding protocol or with intentionally deteriorated bonding using n-hexane-wax solution for preconditioning. Restored teeth were loaded along the long axis of the tooth. Ultimate fracture load was recorded, and the type of fracture was visually determined and classified. Statistical analysis of load values was performed by Kruskal-Wallis test. Results: Round-shaped cavity design with bonded restoration presented the highest fracture load (1658N). Bonding had significant influence on the fracture load of roundshaped cavity design (p=0.0003), whereas cavity design had no influence when the bonding was deteriorated (p=0.8075). In the case of deteriorated bonding, either the inlay or tooth fractured separately whereas in the bonded inlays fractures were commonly
found both in the tooth and inlay. Conclusions: According to this study, bonded inlay restoration increased fracture resistance, while cavity design had no statistical difference on fracture resistance of the restored tooth.

Stress Distribution
Cavity Design
Ultimate Fracture Load