Effect of Thickness and Translucency on Color Change and Masking Ability of Ceramic Materials used for Laminate Veneers

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  • Mustafa Ayata
  • Kerem Kilic
  • Nadin Al-Haj Husain
  • Mutlu Özcan


This study evaluated the effect of the thickness and translucency of lithium disilicatebased glass ceramics on resin composite substrates on color change and masking effect. Laminate veneers were fabricated using IPS e.max CAD (A1) blocks with two different light transmittance values (High translucent [HT], Low translucent [LT]). Slices of two different thicknesses (0.3 mm, 0.5 mm) were obtained (n=10) and laminate veneers were cemented on the resin composite substrates of two different shades (A2, A3.5). The color change (∆E values) was evaluated with the CIELab color system using a spectrophotometer, while the masking effect was calculated. The data were analyzed using independent-samples t-test and two-way analysis of variance. The ceramic thickness and translucency had a significant effect on final color and masking. When HT was used, and the laminate veneer thickness decreased (0.3 mm), the masking effect in ΔE values were lower (p<0.05). The ∆E values (>3.7) were clinically unacceptable. With the increase in thickness, translucency of porcelain laminate veneers decreases showing better color masking ability. Veneer thickness seems to be more effective on the restoration’s masking ability than the shade of the substrate and translucency. Cinically, in case a 0.5-mm or thinner laminate veneer is planned, tooth color, resin cement and ceramic type should be considered.
Dental Materials
Color Change
Masking Ability
Aesthetic Dentistry