Influence of Thickness and Translucency of Lithium Disilicate Ceramic on the Degree of Conversion of Resin Cements with Different Initiators

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  • Sinara C. Lima
  • Andreza C. A. da Silva
  • Renata Cimões
  • Bruna C. F. Vajgel


Introduction: The degree of conversion (DC) of resin cements can be affected by ceramics, and by the type of resin cement. The purpose was to evaluate the influence of thickness and translucencies of lithium disilicate ceramic on the DC of resin cements: two light-cure (Variolink LC; NX3 LC) and one dual-cure (NX3 Dual). Methods: IPS e.max Press ceramic (A2) discs were prepared in 4 thicknesses (0.3, 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 mm) and in 3 translucencies: HT (high translucency), LT (low translucency), and MO (medium opacity). Subsequently, 234 samples of resin cement (5 x 1 mm) were light-cured through those ceramic discs. The DC was assessed by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Results: Ceramic thicknesses decreased DC of NX3 Dual through HT-1.0 and HT 1.5 (p=0.005). Between translucencies, only MO-0.3 affected Variolink LC DC (p=0.018). There was difference among light- and dual-cured resin cements (p=0.001). Conclusion: Increasing thickness and opacity lead to a decrease in the DC of all resin cements, with a significantly lower DC value in NX3 Dual (HT-1.0; HT-1.5), and in Variolink LC (MO0.3). Light- and dual-cured resin cements were different among each other. NX3 Dual achieved a significantly lower value than its counterpart NX3 LC.

Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Degree Of Conversion
Resin Cements