Micromorphology of Root Canal Walls After Laser Activated Irrigation

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D.O.I.
10.1922/EJPRD_2600AntonyOtero11
Authors
  • Clara I. Anton y Otero
  • Laurine Marger
  • Albert Feilzer
  • Ivo Krejci
  • Marwa Abdelaziz

Abstract

This study aims to investigate the effects of laser-activated irrigation on root canal dentin using different laser wavelengths. Sixty-six roots were prepared and split longitudinally. First, lasers with different power settings were tested on 34 samples, pre-etched with phosphoric acid, or remaining with a smear-layer to determine the test parameters. Selected parameters were then applied on thirty roots (9 groups) covered with smear layer: 1. Smear-layer removed; 2. Smear-layer untouched; 3. Conventional needle irrigation with NaOCl and EDTA; 4. ER:YAG laser; 5. 9.3 ┬Ám CO2 laser; 6-9. Diode lasers. All lasers were applied in ultra-pure water as an irrigant. Root halves were examined by scanning electron microscope to analyze the intracanal dentin micromorphology on 9 consequent photos per specimen @ a magnification of 1000X. The results showed that conventional needle irrigation was effective in removing the smear-layer from coronal
and middle root parts, while laser-activated irrigation had two main mechanisms: cleaning and opening of the dentinal tubules by removing the smear layer (Er:YAG laser) and melting of dentin (CO2 and diode lasers) in all root parts. The study concluded that laseractivated irrigation with different wavelengths impacted the smear layer and root canal dentin differently through pure physical/mechanical effects.

Keywords
Laser
Disinfection
Endodontics
Activated Irrigation
Smear-Layer