European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry

Finishing and Polishing Procedures and Glaze Application on Physical Properties of a Fine-Structure Feldspathic Ceramic


The aim of this study was to verify the effect of finishing and polishing procedures and glaze application on biaxial strength and surface properties of milled feldspathic ceramic blocks. Forty disc-shaped samples (14 mm diameter, 1.2 mm thickness) were divided in four groups (n = 10): C (control): no finishing and polishing; FP: finishing and polishing; G: glaze; and GFP: finishing and polishing + glaze. The specimens were subject to surface
gloss (glossmeter) and roughness (profilometer) tests followed by biaxial flexural strength (universal testing machine) and Vickers hardness (microhardness tester) tests. The surface morphological analysis was performed by scanning electron microscopy (n = 3). Data were submitted to normality tests with Shapiro-Wilk, and one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s post hoc test (α = 0.05). Group C showed the lowest gloss. For the hardness test, groups C, FP, and GFP obtained the highest values without significant differences between them. Regarding the biaxial strength test, group C showed the lowest mean value. Both finishing and polishing methods (FP and GFP) showed surface properties similar or better than the control, and with higher biaxial strength.

Mechanical Properties
Surface Properties
Feldsphatic Ceramic


Ariel Silva, Eveline Soares, Gabriel Abuna, Rafael Vitti, Mario Sinhoreti

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