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European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry

Prevalence of Peri-implant Diseases: Analyses of Associated Factors

Abstract

Prevalence of Peri-implant Diseases: Analyses of Associated Factors

Cimara Fortes Ferreira, André R. Buttendorf, João Gustavo Oliveira de Souza, Haline Dalago, Guenther Schuldt Filho, Marco A. Bianchini

Abstract
Aim: Identify the relationship between specific factors (age, sex, smoking, time of
prosthesis in function, implant location, and width of peri-implant keratinized mucosa)
and peri-implant diseases in patients from the Center of Research and Continuing Education in Implant Dentistry (CEPID) at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC),Brazil.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 193 patients that had received 725 external-hexed cylindrical implants supporting functional prosthesis for at least 1 year (range from 1-9 years). Clinical examination included probing depths, bleeding on probing and/or suppuration. Radiographic exam was conducted to measure
peri-implant bone levels.
Results: There was no statistically significance in the association between prevalence of peri-implant diseases and age, sex, time with prostheses in function and implant location variables independently. There was a statistically significant association between the independent variables of smoking and the width of keratinized peri-implant mucosa
less than 2 mm, and the presence of peri-implant diseases. When all the categories were evaluated together in relation with the peri-implant diseases, the prostheses in function for 5 years and more had association with presence of both, peri-implant mucositis an peri-implantitis. Peri-implantitis prevalence was higher for males with the prostheses
in use for 5 years or more. Peri-implant mucositis was more associated with the participants over 57 years of age, with systemic disease and with the prostheses in function for more than 5 years.
Conclusions: Smoking habits and the width of peri-implant keratinized mucosa as independent variables were associated with the prevalence of peri-implant diseases.

Keywords
Diagnostics
Infectious Diseases
Peri-implant Diseases
Peri-implantitis
Peri-implant Mucositis
Prevalence

Authors

Cimara Fortes Ferreira, André R. Buttendorf, João Gustavo Oliveira de Souza, Haline Dalago, Guenther Schuldt Filho, Marco A. Bianchini

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