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European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry

Can Cleansing Regimens Effectively Eliminate Saliva Contamination from Lithium Disilicate Ceramic Surface?

Abstract

ABSTRACT
This study aimed to compare optical properties and failure load of leucite (IPS Empress CAD LT) and lithium disilicate glass ceramic (IPS e.max CAD LT) materials in incisor veneers. Four groups of veneers were made on 36 bovine incisors with Cerec 3D milling unit (n=9/group): 0.5 and 0.3 mm thick leucite glass and 0.5 and 0.3 mm lithium disilicate glass veneers. The optical features were measured with CM-700d spectrophotometer using white and yellow try-in pastes. Differences were determined by means of E value and luminance. The bovine teeth with veneers were mounted on acrylic resin blocks (Palapress, Heraeus Kulzer) and static loading test was conducted (LR30K plus, Lloyd Instruments). The color difference of veneers could be noticed with yellow and white cements when the material thickness increased from 0.3 to 0.5 mm (leucite E yellow 4.4, white 6.0; lithiumdisilicate E yellow 2.1, white 4.1). Both materials showed similar failure load with 0.5 mm veneers (leucite 1906 +/-319 N; lithiumdisilicate 2098 +/- 309 N). The failure load of 0.3 mm thick lithium dilisilicate veneers (2002 +/- 427 N) was comparable with the 0.5mm veneers. Ultrathin lithium disilicate glass ceramic veneers (0.3 mm) could be a potential option for clinical use.

Keywords
CAD/CAM
Lithium Disilicate
Glass Ceramic
Leucite
Veneer
Failure Load

Authors

Dr Marco C Bottino, Renata Melo, Dr Fernanda Campos, Mutlu Özcan, Dr Sumana Posritong, Dr Alexandre L. S. Borges

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